Retaining Wall Ideas for All Front Yard Landscaping Designs

What is a Retaining Wall?

Retaining walls are a key element in many types of landscaping designs. Some are just for aesthetic purposes, like creating raised planter borders or defining a space, while others are needed to hold up a hill or slope of a backyard. 

Unlike some landscaping projects, retaining walls should be installed by a professional, with the exception of simple walls like raised garden beds and perimeter boundaries, which are fairly easy for the average homeowner to build. Because many large retaining walls need to be installed with footings, weep holes, drainage, and grading in mind, it’s best to have an experienced contractor and engineer tackle this kind of landscaping project.

Properly built retaining walls can last decades or even centuries, so while having a functional retaining wall is important, you’ll want to make sure it’s cohesive with your overall landscape design, as you’ll be looking at it for a long time. Fortunately, when it comes to retaining walls there are endless options with materials like paving stones, concrete, wood, metal, stucco, boulders, blocks, bricks, and river rocks. Below, we cover 21 front yard retaining wall landscaping ideas, which also work in backyards and outdoor living areas. Consider these ideas for your property, whether you’re in Bonsall, El Cajon, or Chula Vista. We’re familar with working with all of San Diego’s challenging topography and are ready to help with your retaining wall design and installation.

Types of Retaining Walls

Natural Stone

natural stone retaining wall

Natural stone retaining walls are perfect because they easily blend into the natural surroundings of a backyard and don’t distract from attractive landscapes like flowers, lush plants, and trees. Additionally, there are many choices of natural stones to pick from — some popular variations include fieldstones and flagstones, sedimentary rocks that can be easily stacked to create a stacked stone retaining wall. 

Boulder Retaining Wall

boulder retaining wall

Make a statement with your retaining wall by using large boulders stacked on top of each other to hold back the soil and prevent erosion. Boulder retaining walls should be installed by a professional with the proper landscaping equipment, as moving individual boulders from point A to point B and stacking them is a difficult task.

Timber Retaining Wall

timber retaining wall

Like natural stone retaining walls, there are various options for timber retaining walls. Some of these include natural timbers consisting of 6″x6″ or 8″x8″ lumber stacked on top of each other, timbers combined with railroad ties, and post and panel retaining walls where the posts are secured into a concrete base. Wood retaining walls can be a good option for a rustic or more natural landscape look.

Gabion Retaining Wall

gabion retaining wall

Gabion retaining walls are essentially cages or galvanized steel enclosures filled with rocks, stones, or bricks. Gabion walls are some of the easiest DIY projects and can be a good way to repurpose small rocks and stones that would otherwise be difficult to stack. Gabion baskets are typically low maintenance, and you won’t have to worry about cracks that can occur with brick and concrete walls.

Modern Poured Concrete Walls

modern poured concrete retaining wall

Poured concrete walls can be some of the cleanest-looking retaining walls, especially with white concrete, and are often used for a modern landscaping look. Not only do poured concrete retaining walls have a beautiful aesthetic, but they’re also especially strong and versatile. Poured concrete can be any color and can be textured or have objects added to them.

Retaining Walls for Gardening

Living Retaining Wall

living plant retaining wall

A living retaining wall or vertical garden can be an amazing way to add to the greenery of your outdoor space while absorbing noise and increasing the privacy of your yard. Living retaining walls are more complex to build, as they must be strong enough to hold back the landscape soil that the plants will reside in. Living retaining walls don’t just need to be for decorative plants; they can also be used for herbs and vegetables.

Raised Flower or Garden Beds

raised flower bed retaining wall

Much like creating an island flower bed, you can also use retaining walls to hold the soil for raised garden beds or borders along your fence line. Some designs may call for professional retaining wall installation, but this is one that many homeowners may be able to accomplish on their own.

Turn a Slope Into a Garden

turn a slope into a garden with a retaining wall

Sloping yards may seem unusable, but garden retaining walls can completely change that. You can transform sloping land into a terraced backyard with different levels for gardens. Each terrace level can be used to separate various kinds of vegetables and fruits based on which variations grow well together.

Highlight a Tree

retaining wall used to highlight a tree

If you have a favorite tree in your backyard, highlight it by creating a small retaining wall around the perimeter of your tree and placing some landscape lighting around it. This kind of retaining wall can also double as a flower bed or simply section off exposed roots of the tree to protect them and prevent people from tripping on them.

Structural Retaining Walls

Use a Retaining Wall to Install a Fence

retaining wall fence

Fences can be added on top of, in front of, or behind a retaining wall. Installing a fence in combination with your retaining wall is a great way to add to the privacy of your outdoor space as well as the security of it. It’s important to consider if your retaining wall can support the fence. How strong your retaining wall is will determine if you add a fence using the surface mounting method, face mounting, embedding, or a post-in system.

Home Entry Retaining Wall

home entry retaining wall

Retaining walls can also be combined with staircases to transition levels from one area of your backyard to another. This terraced look is a popular choice for leading from a backyard pool up to a home’s entry. Not only is it practical for separating levels from a pool space, but it’s also visually appealing and creates a leading line to your home.

Build or Stabilize a Slope

retaining wall used to stabilize a slope

This is the most common use for a retaining wall. If you are concerned about erosion and runoff on a slope, retaining wall installation may be the answer to your problem. But don’t let your creativity stop there: Since you likely need to build a barrier wall anyway, incorporate it into your overall hardscape design and expand its function by creating usable space on the freestanding side of the wall.

Turn a Slope Into a Flat Grass Area

retaining wall used to turn slope into a flat grass area

Another way you can use retaining walls with the intention of adding dirt instead of taking it away is to create a flat lawn where there was once a slope. In this instance, you would install your wall at the edge of your future lawn, and then build up the lower part of the slope by filling it in with dirt. Once you have created a level area, you can plant your lawn or have low-maintenance, artificial grass installed.

Retain a Water Feature

retaining wall around pond

You can make your retaining wall an attractive focal point by adding a water feature, such as a waterfall, wall fountain, or pond. This also allows you to save space by combining two landscaping features in the same footprint, so you can get the wall you need and the waterfall you want all in the same space.

Add Stairs

retaining wall combined with entrance stairs

A collection of front yard retaining wall landscaping ideas would not be complete without the suggestion of installing retaining walls to add attractive stairs leading to your main entry. Of course, you can also use retaining walls to include stairs in your backyard leading to outdoor living areas, gardens, or different levels of a multi-level yard.

Retaining Walls for Outdoor Living and Entertainment

Outdoor Kitchen

retaining wall kitchen

Make your retaining wall especially functional by merging it with your outdoor kitchen. You can build your outdoor kitchen directly into the retaining wall as one cohesive design or use the space directly behind your outdoor kitchen’s countertops to grow herbs like rosemary, thyme, oregano, and basil to easily use when cooking.

Raised Patio

raised patio retaining wall

Aside from creating planting beds, we have mostly discussed how to use retaining walls to transform sloping property into usable space. But even flat land can be improved with the use of retaining walls. For example, you can increase visual interest by using a retaining wall to create a raised area for a patio or outdoor kitchen.

Sunken Patio

sunken patio retaining wall

Similar to a raised patio, retaining walls can be used to create a sunken patio space. A sunken patio works well when surrounded by natural stone, and plants can create a hidden garden feel. Complete your sunken patio with an outdoor fireplace and some string lighting for added coziness.

Sitting Wall Around Your Fire Pit or Patio

sitting retaining wall around fire pit

If you plan to use a low retaining wall to carve out an area for a fire pit or patio, consider using the retaining wall for seating as well. A short wall can be designed to also be used as a bench. If your slope requires a taller wall, consider installing a bench in front of it so that the upper part of the wall can act as a backrest. This is an easy way to increase seating options for outdoor living areas.

Combine a Retaining Wall with a Fire Feature

retaining wall combined into an outdoor fireplace

Another space-saving retaining wall idea is to include a fire feature in your wall design. If the design of the wall allows, you may be able to build an outdoor fireplace into the wall. If the wall is short, you may be able to incorporate a fire feature on top of the wall. 

Define Outdoor Living Areas in Your Backyard

retaining wall used to define backyard features

As you design the hardscape for your backyard, consider using retaining walls to define spaces within your yard. This might be to create some more intimate seating areas or to separate your vegetable garden area from your outdoor living areas.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the benefits of retaining walls?

Retaining walls are often used to increase stability and improve the infrastructure of your property. When providing this function, some of the benefits include erosion control, managing runoff and preventing flooding, and making your property safer by stabilizing hillsides and slopes. They can also be used to enhance curb appeal, increase usable space by creating terraces or flat areas for lawns or outdoor living, and beautifying your outdoor spaces.

What is the cheapest type of retaining wall?

The cost of a retaining wall varies greatly depending on the type of materials used to build it. Poured concrete and concrete blocks are typically some of the cheapest types of retaining walls, as poured concrete starts around $4 per square foot and concrete blocks can cost as low as $2.50.

What is the easiest retaining wall to build?

Short walls under three feet tall are usually the easiest retaining walls to build and the most friendly for DIY projects. Low retaining walls are best used for raised flower beds or sectioning off areas of your yard. Additionally, masonry blocks and concrete blocks are some of the easiest materials to use when building a retaining wall.

Can I build my own retaining wall?

Yes. Short retaining walls (under three feet) can be DIY-friendly projects. However, if a larger, more complex wall is being built or it is used to hold up a hillside, you should seek out a professional. Retaining walls can be difficult to install and a professional can help you avoid costly mistakes and future repairs. 

How high can a retaining wall be?

Consult your local building codes and homeowners association for guidelines on retaining wall height. These may have restrictions on how high your retaining wall can be, as well as if permits will be required to build one. 

Retaining walls are not only functional, but they can also improve the overall appearance of your backyard and, if designed and installed properly, can last for years to come. Install-It-Direct is here to help you with your retainer wall needs and offers professional landscape design services to help you get the look you want done right. 

Beautify Your Landscaping with a Retaining Wall Built by Install-It-Direct

Install-It-Direct is a landscape design company specializing in creating beautiful outdoor living spaces using pavers, artificial grass, outdoor lighting, fire features, and water features. Our team of professional designers and installers have years of experience with retaining wall design and building retaining walls. Contact us today for a free estimate and consultation.

(Original publish date: 5/4/22 | Refresh date: 4/5/24)